Professionalising Street Food and Creating new possibilities

The street food advocacy campaign gained momentum last Thursday with street food representatives, food, health and nutrition experts and social entrepreneurs asserting at a national consultation organised by the National Association of Street Vendors of India (NASVI) here in Delhi that the country needs to tap the huge potentials of street food vending sector for employment generation, food and health security and growth of tourism. The street food advocates demanded of the government to formulate a national policy for preservation and professionalisation of street food.

Street food advocacy activists, food, health and nutrition experts and social entrepreneurs assert that the country needs to tap into the huge potential of the street food vending sector for employment generation, food and health security and growth of tourismThey also called for creation of food streets and street food courts in cities and towns, hygiene and health trainings of street food vendors and support for entrepreneurship development of food vendors. The activists and experts urged the media institutions; particularly the journalists and the food critics to go beyond glamourising and pitching for high end restaurants food and beverages and vouch for promoting the street food culture. The consultation was organised based on the theme of “Professionalising Street Food and Creating New Possibilities”.

Speaking at the consultation as chief guest, the chairperson of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) K. Chandramouli said that the FSSAI had notified the Food Safety and Standards (Licensing and Registration of Food Businesses) Regulations, under which food and beverage firms, manufacturers and vendors including companies in the unorganised sector had to be registered and licensed and the regulations had helped street food vendors get legitimacy in several cities.

He, however, added, “a lot still has to be done. We admit that the implementation is a huge challenge and multi sectoral synergies are needed to professionalise the street vended foods.”  Mr. Chandramouli said that the FSSAI had constituted a ‘Committee on Street Foods’ and being a member of the committee NASVI had been engaging with the food safety and health departments across several states.

Mr. Chandramouli said, “the unorganised food operators constitute approximately ninety per cent of the total food business operators of the country and coordinated efforts should be made to protect their rights. We have to ensure administrative sensitivity and responsiveness towards street food vendors as they also have equal stakes in overall mission of food safety and security.” He asked NASVI to develop a simple Standard Operating Procedure Manual and submit it to the FSSAI. The FSSAI would call a meeting of all state food safety commissioners and health officials for proper implementation of the manual.

Speaking on the perspective and purpose of the consultation, NASVI national coordinator Arbind Singh said that building commitment among key stakeholders to professionalise street food in an era of high marketisation, expanding food distribution system and growing concerns for hygiene and health is the need of the hour. He emphasized on organising the disorganised street food vendors, training them on hygiene and health and providing them legitimate urban space to vend.

Mr. Singh said, “though late, but in recent years a great churning has begun in India on how to professionalise the age old street foods and tap their potentials in mitigating poverty, creating employment, ensuring food security and health standards, and boosting economy and tourism.” He welcomed the recommendation of the parliamentary standing committee on industry to create a ‘Retail Regulatory Authority’ to monitor the entry of foreign chains through foreign direct investment (FDI) and study the impact of FDI on medium, small and micro enterprises (MSME).

NASVI coordinator said, “There is a common perception that the street food vendors are disadvantaged because there is usually no support from formal institutions to improve their businesses or protect them from external influences. In 2010, the government of India came out with a ‘Scheme of Up gradation of Quality of Street Food’ to ensure economic sustainability and betterment of the livelihood of street food vendors. The scheme had two components, one being developing Safe Food Towns and the other being creating Food Streets. Unfortunately, the scheme proved to be a non-starter as the Ministry of Finance and the Planning Commission did not support the scheme.”

Speaking in the consultation, Delhi Food Safety Commissioner KJR Burman said that professionalisation leads to good advocacy. He said that the food safety department was actively looking into how to support the street food vendors and even thinking over the opening of facilitation centers for registration of street food vendors. He talked about the street food zoning system and said that his department had been engaging with NASVI to develop eight safe street food zones in Delhi on a pilot basis.

The senior functionaries and consultants of Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) Deepak Mathur and Anju Bisht made a presentation on food safety sensitisation initiatives and stressed on the importance of food safety and quality. They announced that the CII would engage with NASVI in its new intervention project that includes street food.

A large number of health and nutrition experts, food critics, social entrepreneurs, and officials and functionaries of health department as well as officials of municipal bodies joined the consultation. The prominent among them who addressed the consultation and interacted with street food vendors include noted food and health advocate Dr. Indira Chakrabarty, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition representative Sadhana Bhagwat, Food and Nutrition academician Dr. Salila Thomas, food scientist Eram Rao, UNDP representative Navven Anand, FES project manager Mandvi, Praveen Pannu of Institute of Home Economics, famous food critic Rahul Verma and hygiene manager of hotel Lalit Divya Gupta.

A large number of street food vendors of Chennai, Mumbai, Mysore, Kolkata, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Indore, Delhi, Ludhiana, Patiala, Lucknow and Patna also participated in the consultation with their testimonies.

Earlier in the day, NASVI street food programs manager Sangeeta Singh made a sharp presentation on street food advocacy campaign and outlined the broader contours of street food professionalisation program.

Korean social entrepreneur David Young Lee and Chennai based entrepreneur Deepak Suresh also joined the consultation.

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INDIA. DP is irreparable, scrap it, say activists. Times of India (10 April 2015).

TANZANIA. College plans to identify trade opportunities for hawkers. Daily News (10 April 2015)  by Ludovick Kazoka.

INDIA. No street vendors, cycle rickshaws in Lajpat Nagar market: NGT. Zee News (8 April 2015) by PTI. New Delhi:

BOTSWANA. EDD is the way to go. Mmegi Online (8 April 2015).

USA. Five Courses: Hawkers' street food flair & more. Creative Loafing Tampa Bay (8 April 2015) by Meaghan Habuda.

INDIA. Hawkers may be allowed near Rishi Kapoor, Anil Ambani's Pali Hill residences. DNA India (8 April 2015) by Amrita Nayak Dutta.

ABU-DHABI. Abu Dhabi Municipality raid scares away street hawkers. Gulf News (7 April 2015).

SINGAPORE. Hawker centres to be spruced up with murals and art installations. Channel News Asia (5 April 2015) by Vimita Mohandas.

MALAYSIA. 'Development will be inclusive'. The Star Online (3 April 2015).

INDIA. 'Street vendors denied right to livelihood'. The Hindu (1 April 2015) by K.N. Umesh.

SOUTH AFRICA. South Africa: Xenophobic Violence in KZN - 'This Is a Black Easter for Foreigners'.

SINGAPORE. Singapore street food: stewed, sliced and steamed - video.

USA. Street vendors press city to legalize their trade.

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StreetNet International is an alliance of street vendors. It was launched in Durban, South Africa, in November 2002.

Membership-based organizations (unions, co-operatives or associations) directly organizing street vendors, market vendors and/or hawkers among their members, are entitled to affiliate to StreetNet International.

The aim of StreetNet is to promote the exchange of information and ideas on critical issues facing street vendors, market vendors and hawkers (i.e. mobile vendors) and on practical organizing and advocacy strategies