Informal Economy

Home-based workers: Home-based workers are pieceworkers who are paid for the work they produce from the space in which they live. They are often  one link in the chain of production and have no collective bargaining power to negotiate the terms of their labour with contractors. In South Asia alone there are about 50 million home-based workers, of whom 80 % are women. As a result of union organisation and demands for recognition as informal economy workers,  led by the Self-Employed Women’s Association of India, the ILO ratified the Homeworkers Convention in 1996. The Convention has still to be ratified by many countries.

“Counting the Invisible Workforce: The Case of Homebased Workers”, Chen, Martha Alter, Jennefer Sebstad and Lesley O’Connell,1999, World Development, Vol. 27, No. 3  (link to Wiego website).

Home-based works in India: A disapearing continuim of dependence, Unni Jeemol and Uma Rani, 2004, Paper presented at the EGDI and UNU-WIDER conference, Helsinki, Finland (link to Wiego website).