Zambia

Kashiwa Lameck (Zambia)

Member Auditor of the Executive Committee

Kashiwa Lameck is a co-founder of the Zambia National Marketeers Association (ZANAMA), Alliance for Zambia Informal Economy Associations (AZIEA), Zambia Markets Streets and Allied Workers Association (ZAMSAA) and StreetNet International. He was born on 16 June of 1963 and was previously formally employed in the mining industry for 12 years. He served as a shop-steward and union leader at branch level.

Lameck has been working in the informal economy as market vendor and cross-border trader for 36 years. He has a wide knowledge of informal economy issues and is a trained leader by ITC-Turin, with vast experience at both local and international level. Lameck also initiated the establishment of the AZIEA Mutual Fund, a pension scheme for informal economy workers.

Lameck is currently serving as General Secretary of AZIEA and Executive Member of the Zambia Congress of Trade Unions. He is also a member of the technical working group on social protection of the Ministry of Labour. Futhermore, he is a member of the Kitwe City markets rehabilitation team and a management board member of TEVETA, of the Ministry of Science and Technology.

He describes himself as a critical thinker, who prefers to discuss issues and not personalities.

AVEMA (Association of Vendors and Marketeers in Zambia) (Zambia)

AVEMA is a national association of street and market vendors in Zambia.

AZIEA (Alliance of Zambian Informal Economy Associations) (Zambia)

AZIEA was formed on October 17th 2002.
It is open to street and market vendors, hawkers, and informal economy workers in Zambia. AZIEA is a representative organization of workers in the informal economy with 13 informal economy associations. It was formed with the objective of strengthening the voice in order to protect members’ interests after being in existence without any formal representation. Membership fees are paid annually.

Objectives:
• Organise the unorganised;
• Educate members on their civil and workers’ rights;
• Fight for recognition by advocating for bargaining forums between government and informal economy workers’ representatives;
• Advocate for the change of policies and laws that are unfriendly to informal economy workers.

To meet the above objectives, the association carries different activities under Lobbying and advocacy targeting members, government officials and officers, civil society organisations, unions, and the public.

Social Protection for Informal Economy Workers in Zambia: Where We Are? (Zambia)

by Lameck Kashiwa, AZIEA General Secretary

Zambia’s Social Protection like many countries has been biased towards formal workers while informal workers relied on their own indigenous informal schemes in the markets, Bus stations and neighborhood.

The said informal schemes helped and continue to help the informal workers during funerals, bankruptcy, loss of job etc.

Each time a demand to extend social protection to the informal economy workers is made, Government found it impossible to do so because according to them, the informal economy was very difficult to capture.

In 2012, His excellency the late president Michael Chilufya, who had a pro poor agenda, bought our agenda and called for the reformation of the Social protection system in the country with a directive of extension of social protection to the informal economy. (more…)

AZIEA shows the way to monitoring levy-collection in Zambia (Zambia)

11 August, 2016

By Oksana Abboud, StreetNet Media Officer

AZIEA members while protesting over Market Levy hike in 2014

StreetNet Affiliate from Zambia, the Alliance for Zambia Informal Economy Associations (AZIEA) was launched in October 2002. Over the years, it has faced and overcome many challenges relating to the informal economy. These include the lack of government policy on the informal sector and its development; lack of its representation in policy dialogue and decision-making and the lack of mobility to organise, recruit and service members.

One of AZIEA’s notable successes was its levy-tracking research which was launched in 2008 and completed in 2009. A Report which includes the findings and recommendations of this research, revealed a lack of institutional accountability and transparency regarding the levies collected. This was in violation of provisions of the Markets and Bus Stations Act of 2007. AZIEA had been a leading organisation in having this Act amended to ensure the proper collection of levies and their allocation.

AZIEA leader, Comrade Lameck Kashiwa, shared with StreetNet, some of the issues and challenges revealed by the research. It was initiated, he says, because of AZIEA’s suspicion that levies collected were not utilised properly as there was no service provision for both markets and bus stations which such levies should have ensured. As a major stakeholder in this, AZIEA wanted evidence on how much money was being collected and how this money was being used. Another concern was that the councils, who used one account for all monies collected, were using these to pay salaries.

Lameck Kashiwa, AZIEA General Secretary presenting and facilitating at the Lusaka Colloquium on Social Protection for the Informal Economy workers

The research AZIEA commissioned, was the first of its kind in attempting to track monies raised from market levies. The markets of Luburma (more popularly known as Kamwala Market) and New Site Market in Lusaka and Mansa respectively, were the chosen “sample” sites of the research, specifically to provide a comparative analysis between urban and rural based markets. The study used elements of the World Bank’s concept of Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys (PETS).

The findings of the 3-part report indicated serious shortcomings and malpractices in both markets, resulting in a lack of transparency and accountability about the levies collected. First, it was difficult to accurately calculate the total revenue collected from the markets since these were collected by various unofficial sources eg ad  hoc and standing committees (for security and funerals); other monies went to China Hennan. Moreover, institutional mechanisms prescribed by the Markets and Bus Stations Act 2007, such as management boards and managers to administer the levies collected, did not exist in both markets. Third, the research revealed that not all monies collected by council cashiers were receipted; in some cases over half or three-quarters of daily collections ended in individuals’ pockets instead of council coffers.

SEWA Members visiting Chisokone Market in Kitwe as part of exchange visit with AZIEA

On the positive side, Comrade Lashiwa states that the survey shows that it is possible to use PETS to monitor market levies. PETS is a critical tool to ensure  that provisions of the Markets and Bus Stations 2007 are implemented. This helps with scrutinising market budgets’ formulation, resource allocation and utilisation, and further determine the quality of service provision to the general membership.

Recalling AZIEA’s activism to get the Market and Bus Stations Act amended, by holding a strike and refusing to pay market levies, and the findings of the research,  Comrade Kashiwa noted: “The process of policy change is very tiring due to a lot of bureaucracy; hence it requires commitment and knowledge of procedure. Our suggestion is that the informal economy leadership needs to engage the trade union movement for support.”

“It is also important for leadership to report back at any stage of engagement to seek support from members in a case where you may require militant actions (protests, strike-refusing to pay tax, petitioning etc.),” he concluded.

To read the full research report on “Market Levy Tracking”, please click here: